01 June 2024Volume 12 Issue 6 Previous Issue   
The Protective Effect of Meaning in Life on Mental Health of College Students during COVID-19:A Longitudinal Follow-up Study
ZOU Jiayue, LI Wei, ZHANG Shuyue, HE Qinghua
Psychology: Techniques and Application. 2024, 12 (6):  321-332. 
Abstract ( 65 )   PDF(pc) (1333KB) ( 99 )   Save

The COVID-19 pandemic has posed a significant threat to the mental well-being of Chinese college students. This study aims to explore how the mening in life changes and the longitudinal association between meaning in life and mental health in the context of COVID-19 among college students. In study 1, the Meaning of Life Questionnaire (MLQ) was employed to track two separate samples of college students, A(N=486) and B(N=466), on three occasions each. This was done to explore the changes of meaning in life during the course of the COVID-19 pandemic. In study 2, utilizing MLQ and Hospital Anxiety and Dpression Scale(HADS), sample A was surveyed twice to further explore the protective effect of meaning in life on mental health. The results showed that: 1) The outbreak of COVID-19 had a diminishing effect on the search for and presence of meaning in life among college students; 2) The relationship between the presence of meaning in life and anxiety and depression is mutual influence during COVID-19, wherein depression can diminish the presence of meaning in life, and conversely, the presence of meaning in life acts protectively against anxiety and depression. The results of this study provide longitudinal evidence supporting the correlation between meaning in life and mental health. Additionally, these results establish a theoretical foundation for addressing mental health concerns following sudden traumatic events.

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Family Socioeconomic Status and Adolescent Life Satisfaction: The Mediating Role of Interparental Conflict and the Moderating Role of Growth Mindset
CHANG Song, XU Fan, WANG Chunxu, LIU Yujia, HUANG Yunyun, XIN Sufei
Psychology: Techniques and Application. 2024, 12 (6):  333-342. 
Abstract ( 56 )   PDF(pc) (1070KB) ( 105 )   Save

Based on the family stress model, we explored the role of interparental conflict and growth mindset in the association between family socioeconomic status and adolescent life satisfaction. A total of 1869 middle school students participated in this study. The results showed that: (1) Interparental conflict mediated the relationship between family socioeconomic status and adolescent life satisfaction; and (2) The mediating effect of interparental conflict was moderated by a growth mindset. In specific, a growth mindset was able to attenuate the negative effects of interparental conflict on life satisfaction, but the protective effect was limited. The findings support and extend the family stress model, and have implications for enhancing adolescent life satisfaction.

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The Influence of Mindfulness on Suicidal Ideation: An Investigation of the Efficacy and Feasibility Based on a Single-Subject Experiment
XU Shaoqing, QU Gaiping, LIU Xinhua, LI Bo, HAN Feng, LIU Xiaoying, LIU Fang, FU Zhongfang
Psychology: Techniques and Application. 2024, 12 (6):  343-356. 
Abstract ( 36 )   PDF(pc) (1447KB) ( 40 )   Save

To examine the efficacy and feasibility of employing mindfulness interventions to address suicidal ideation within individual counseling contexts, this study utilized a single-subject A-B-A design. Two eligible participants were selected and interventions inspired by “On the Mindfulness Eighth Day” were implemented. Continuous assessment of suicidal ideation and psychological pain was conducted, employing visual analysis and non-overlap of all pairs, alongside written interviews, to evaluate the intervention's efficacy, safety, and acceptance. Results indicated that participants did not experience significant adverse reactions to the intervention, achieving a state of "calmness," fostering acceptance, and eliciting insights. Overall, the intervention was well-accepted; a positive shift from increasing to decreasing trends in suicidal ideation was observed, with one participant showing a separation between suicidal ideation and psychological pain. This suggests that the structure and content of "On the Mindfulness Eighth Day" can be effectively adapted for interventions targeting suicidal ideation in individual counseling settings.

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Effects of Gendered Foods and Target Gender on Individual Impression Evaluation Abstract

Psychology: Techniques and Application. 2024, 12 (6):  357-363. 
Abstract ( 35 )   PDF(pc) (1400KB) ( 62 )   Save

Diet plays a significant role in individuals' lives and is crucial in the evaluation of impressions. This study, grounded in the "Big Two" theoretical framework of social psychology, investigates how others' food choices influence individual impression evaluations through the lens of food gender stereotypes. The research findings reveal that: (1) People hold a stereotype associating masculine foods with high competence and low warmth, whereas they associate feminine foods with low competence and high warmth; (2) The gender of the person and the food both influence people's impression evaluations, exhibiting a certain compensatory effect. These findings shed light on the impact of food gender stereotypes on impression evaluations and theoretically investigate the connection between individuals' food choices and the formation of gendered impressions, offering practical insights for understanding and modifying gendered impressions.

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Self-Affirmation Intervention Promotes Preference for Challenging Tasks in Students in Low-Income Families: The Mediating Role of Implicit Self Esteem
ZHANG Hongchuan, LIU Yitong, WANG Lukuan, SUN Ling, YU Yonghong
Psychology: Techniques and Application. 2024, 12 (6):  364-373. 
Abstract ( 31 )   PDF(pc) (1208KB) ( 60 )   Save

The extent to which an individual is inclined to participate in challenging tasks impacts their capacity for improvement and future growth, which is further influenced by their implicit self-esteem. The present study aims to understand whether low family income diminishes individuals' preference for challenging tasks by affecting their implicit self-esteem, and seeks to explore the effect of self-affirmation interventions on individuals' implicit self-esteem and further their preference for challenging tasks. Based on research conducted on students attending a vocational secondary college in a former poor county within Gansu Province, two separate studies yielded the following findings: compared to those from relatively high-income families, students from low-income families showed a diminished inclination towards engaging in challenging tasks, partly due to lower implicit self-esteem; and short-term self-affirmation interventions proved to be effective in substantially bolstering the implicit self-esteem of these economically disadvantaged students. Consequently, this enhancement resulted in an elevated preference for challenging tasks among the aforementioned student population.

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Unifying Man and Situation: The Proposal of a Dynamic Authenticity Model
WANG Yinan, LI Yijia, ZHENG Ouxing, GE Siwen
Psychology: Techniques and Application. 2024, 12 (6):  374-384. 
Abstract ( 33 )   PDF(pc) (1317KB) ( 76 )   Save

By integrating the traditional idea of ‘unity of man and universe’ with the theory of dynamic personality, the current study aimed to explore the nature of self-authenticity and to reveal the connection between trait authenticity and state authenticity. The dynamic model viewed authenticity as a state of harmony among cognition, emotion, and motivation experienced by individuals in an atmosphere of harmony between human beings and the situation. At the same time, trait authenticity was differentiated into optimal authenticity, rigid authenticity, and distorted authenticity, and only optimal authenticity was proposed to be conducive to the enhancement of individuals’ health and well-being. By offering authenticity a new experiential definition and dialectically integrating trait authenticity and state authenticity, the new model will promote future authenticity research to develop and progress in a more flexible, dynamic, and balanced direction.

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