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01 January 2023Volume 11 Issue 1 Previous Issue   
Relationships between Chinese Citizens' Financial Literacy and Willingness to Spend on Different Expenditure Categories
XIN Zhiyong, DU Xiaopeng, XIN Ziqiang
Psychology: Techniques and Application. 2023, 11 (1):  1-18. 
Abstract ( 22 )   PDF(pc) (1149KB) ( 15 )   Save

The present research revealed characteristics and influential factors of Chinese citizens’ willingness to spend on different expenditure categories, which are important for guiding rational investment and consumption. Based on a sample of 10058 citizens from 31 provinces and regions in China, this study investigated the relationships between Chinese citizens' financial literacy and their willingness to spend on seven expenditure categories. Ranking in descending order, people’s willingness to spend on the seven expenditure categories were: Depositing in banks, investing in fixed assets, investing in financial products, investing in a business, daily consumption, hedonic consumption, and public welfare donation. People's willingness to expend on different expenditure categories had significant differences in demographic characteristics such as gender, hukou status, birth cohort, marital status, education, and income. The index of Homo Economicus and its contents (financial knowledge, financial ability, and financial management values) positively predicted spending willingness on financial products investment with strong predictive power, positively predicted spending willingness on investments such as fixed assets investment with medium predictive power. The index of Homo Sociologicus and its contents (wealth values and financial ethics) positively predicted spending willingness on public welfare donations with strong predictive power, positively predicted spending willingness on daily consumption with weak predictive power.

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Characteristics of Spatial Instructions in Human-Robot Interaction and Its Relationship with Personal Traits
SHI Qiong, MA Xiaolu, ZHANG Junyi, CHEN Chunlin
Psychology: Techniques and Application. 2023, 11 (1):  19-31. 
Abstract ( 22 )   PDF(pc) (1763KB) ( 13 )   Save

Exploring the characteristics of spatial instructions used in human-robot interaction (HRI) and the relationship between the reference frame preference and the individual traits, such as spatial ability, empathy and social skills of subjects. One hundred and two undergraduates were randomly divided into different interaction condition groups (human/robot) to complete a series of desktop spatial tasks, and the spatial instructions of the two groups were analyzed and compared in terms of the spatial description types, description types of visual features, etc. The results demonstrate that: (1) The preference of spatial description types was related to specific spatial tasks, but the subjects generally prefer to use the reference frame; (2) The judgment of robot’s mind from subject in HRI makes the two groups of spatial instructions have a certain "collaborator effect"; (3) The spatial ability is related to the use of the reference frames, while the empathy is related to perspective taking.

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College Students’ Narcissism and Aggressive behavior: Analysis of A Moderated Mediating Model
QI Chunhui, BIAN Shengnan, ZHANG Zhen
Psychology: Techniques and Application. 2023, 11 (1):  32-41. 
Abstract ( 18 )   PDF(pc) (695KB) ( 14 )   Save

In order to explore the relationship among narcissism, self control and aggression of college students, the present study conducted a moderated mediation model to examine the effect of narcissism and self control on aggressive behavior and its gender difference. A sample of 1598 college students was investigated with perceived narcissistic scale, brief self control scale, and short-form Buss-Perry aggression questionnaire, respectively. The results showed that: (1) Narcissism was negatively correlated with self control, but positively correlated with aggression. Self control was negatively correlated with aggression. (2) Narcissism not only had a direct effect on aggression, but also influenced aggression through the mediating role of self control. (3) The mediating effect of self control on both male and female samples have reached the significant level, compared with male students, the female’s mediating effect of self control on narcissism and aggression has been significantly enhanced. These findings have important reference value for intervention of narcissism and training of self control.

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The Effect of Social Presence, Vigilance and Information Involvement on Individual Fact-checking Behavior
WANG Zhecheng, YU Ruifeng
Psychology: Techniques and Application. 2023, 11 (1):  42-49. 
Abstract ( 13 )   PDF(pc) (626KB) ( 10 )   Save

Aiming at the fact-checking behavior of ambiguous information in the new media environment, this paper studies the effect of social presence, vigilance and information involvement on the frequency of fact checking. A three-factor mixed designed experiment was used. The participants completed the fact-check task under different vigilance and social presence conditions, while the study measured the judgment of the given statements and the confidence level of the participants. The results show that social presence reduces the possibility of individual fact-checking, and the inducement of momentary vigilance weakens the impact of social presence. Individuals have less fact-checking possibility on information with high involvement than those with low involvement. The research results expand the information fact checking theory in the new media environment and provide reference for the design of information push.

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Peer Contagion of College Student for Internet Addiction : A Social Network Analysis
Zhao Jing, Tian Yueming, Zhang Rui, He Chunrong, Qiao Haixia
Psychology: Techniques and Application. 2023, 11 (1):  50-57. 
Abstract ( 29 )   PDF(pc) (623KB) ( 40 )   Save

This study explored the effect of peer context on their internet addiction. 475 college students (Grade 2-4) of 12 classes were assessed with the Chinese Internet Addiction Scale’s revision (CIAS-R) and peer nomination method was used to draw the peer relationship network. Result:(1) boys are more likely than girls to be in the center of peer groups and to be closer to others. (2) standardization in-closeness centrality could negatively predict internet addiction. That is  the more the individual is in the center of the interpersonal network, the less prone to internet addiction. (3) The level of internet addiction of peer group could negatively predict adolescents’ internet addiction, and the moderating effect of individual interpersonal network characteristics on peer contagion of internet addiction is not significant. Indicating that, regardless of the individual's social status, there is no significant difference in peer influence of internet addiction. Conclusion: Peer relationship is the protective factor of individual internet addiction. And internet addiction has peer contagion effect.

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The Origin And Basic Characteristics of Humanistic Psychology
ZHANG Jianxin
Psychology: Techniques and Application. 2023, 11 (1):  58-64. 
Abstract ( 11 )   PDF(pc) (594KB) ( 11 )   Save

This article attempts to sort out the origins of humanistic psychology and clarify the basic definition of humanistic psychology. Mainstream psychology follows a scientific paradigm, so Wundt has been revered by the history of psychology as the founder of modern psychology. Mind in psychological research with scientific methods such as controlled experiments, numerated measurement has long been materialized, objectivized, manipulated, and fragmentized, while mind as human subjectivity is completely excluded from psychological research. However, Brentano, who was also known as a master of psychology at the same time as Wundt, pioneered humanistic psychology, which placed human subjectivity in the center of psychological research. By establishing a phenomenological system, his students, Husserl, pushed the theory of intentionality of consciousness and its presupposition-suspension methodology to a climax, thus laying the foundation of humanistic psychology such as subjective psychology, ontology psychology and existential psychology in the later period. At present, psychology is divided into branches of scientific psychology and humanistic psychology. Although humanistic psychology cannot yet be incorporated into the mainstream of psychology, its contribution to the construction of psychological knowledge system cannot be ignored.

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